Chapter 2: Contents of the Gétä Summarized
vihaya kaman yah sarvan
pumams carati nihsprhah
sa santim adhigacchati
vihäya—after giving up; kämän—all material desires for sense gratification; yaù—the person; sarvän—all; pumän—a person; carati—lives; nihñpåhaù —desireless; nirmamaù—without a sense of proprietorship; nirahaìkäraù—without false ego; saù—all; çäntim—perfect peace; adhigacchati—attains.
A person who has given up all desires for sense gratification, who lives free from desires, who has given up all sense of proprietorship and is devoid of false ego—he alone can attain real peace.
To become desireless means not to desire anything for sense gratification. In other words, desire for becoming Kåñëa conscious is actually desirelessness. To understand one's actual position as the eternal servitor of Kåñëa, without falsely claiming this material body to be oneself and without falsely claiming proprietorship over anything in the world, is the perfect stage of Kåñëa consciousness. One who is situated in this perfect stage knows that because Kåñëa is the proprietor of everything, therefore everything must be used for the satisfaction of Kåñëa. Arjuna did not want to fight for his own sense satisfaction, but when he became fully Kåñëa conscious he fought because Kåñëa wanted him to fight. For himself there was no desire to fight, but for Kåñëa the same Arjuna fought to his best ability. Desire for the satisfaction of Kåñëa is really desirelessness; it is not an artificial attempt to abolish desires. The living entity cannot be desireless or senseless, but he does have to change the quality of the desires. A materially desireless person certainly knows that everything belongs to Kåñëa (éçäväsyam idaà sarvam), and therefore he does not falsely claim proprietorship over anything. This transcendental knowledge is based on self-realization—namely, knowing perfectly well that every living entity is the eternal part and parcel of Kåñëa in spiritual identity, and therefore the eternal position of the living entity is never on the level of Kåñëa or greater than Him. This understanding of Kåñëa consciousness is the basic principle of real peace.