Chapter 18: Conclusion-The Perfection of Renunciation
pravrttim ca nivrttim ca
bandham moksam ca ya vetti
buddhih sa partha sattviki
pravåttim—deserving; ca—also; nivåttim—not deserving; kärya—work; akärye—reaction; bhaya—fearful; abhaye—fearlessness; bandham—obligation; mokñam ca—and liberation; yä—that which; vetti—knows; buddhiù—understanding; sä—that; pärtha—O son of Påthä; sättviké—in the mode of goodness.
O son of Påthä, that understanding by which one knows what ought to be done and what ought not to be done, what is to be feared and what is not to be feared, what is binding and what is liberating, that understanding is established in the mode of goodness.
Actions which are performed in terms of the directions of the scriptures are called pravåtti, or actions that deserve to be performed, and actions which are not so directed are not to be performed. One who does not know the scriptural directions becomes entangled in the actions and reactions of work. Understanding which discriminates by intelligence is situated in the mode of goodness.