Chapter 18: Conclusion-The Perfection of Renunciation
jnanam karma ca karta ca
yathavac chrnu tany api
jnanam—knowledge; karma—work; ca—also; karta—worker; ca—also; tridha—three kinds; eva—certainly; guna-bhedatah—in terms of different modes of material nature; procyate—is said; guna-sankhyane—in terms of different modes; yathavat—as they act; srnu—hear; tani—all of them; api—also.
In accordance with the three modes of material nature, there are three kinds of knowledge, action, and performers of action. Listen as I describe them.
In the Fourteenth Chapter the three divisions of the modes of material nature were elaborately described. In that chapter it was said that the mode of goodness is illuminating, the mode of passion materialistic, and the mode of ignorance conducive to laziness and indolence. All the modes of material nature are binding; they are not sources of liberation. Even in the mode of goodness one is conditioned. In the Seventeenth Chapter, the different types of worship by different types of men in different modes of material nature were described. In this verse, the Lord wishes to speak about the different types of knowledge, workers, and work itself according to the three material modes.