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Chapter 13: Nature, the Enjoyer, and Consciousness

Bg 13.4
TEXT 4
tat ksetram yac ca yadrk ca
yad-vikari yatas ca yat
sa ca yo yat-prabhavas ca
tat samasena me srnu
SYNONYMS
tat—that; ksetram—field of activities; yat—as; ca—also; yadrk—as it is; ca—also; yat—what is; vikari—changes; yatah—from which; ca—also; yat—one; sah—he; ca—also; yah—one; yat—which; prabhavah ca—influence also; tat—that; samasena—in detail; me—from Me; srnu—understand.
TRANSLATION
Now please hear My brief description of this field of activity and how it is constituted, what its changes are, whence it is produced, who that knower of the field of activities is, and what his influences are.
PURPORT
The Lord is describing the field of activities and the knower of the field of activities in their constitutional positions. One has to know how this body is constituted, the materials of which this body is made, under whose control this body is working, how the changes are taking place, wherefrom the changes are coming, what the causes are, what the reasons are, what the ultimate goal of the individual is, and what the actual form of the individual soul is. One should also know the distinction between the individual living soul and the Supersoul, the different influences, their potentials, etc. One just has to understand this Bhagavad-gita directly from the description given by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and all this will be clarified. But one should be careful not to consider the Supreme Personality of Godhead in every body and individual soul to be the jiva. This is something like equalizing the potent and the impotent.

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